It is verb+ adjective+ infinitive. Difference Between Can and Could Both, can and could are modals. Can / Could you lend me some pounds until tomorrow? Now, if you’re dealing with someone who is a stickler for English (e.g., an elementary school English teacher), “could” is the right word. They are used for other expressions also which will be discussed here. —The State (Columbia, SC), 16 Jul. 7. Pronunciation: kan, kən: kəd, kʊd: Ability and Possibility: Present one: In the past: Request and Permission: Informal: Polite: Examples: I can't wait as I am already very late. COULD is used in a question, which is not a real question, to ask somebody to do something in a polite way. On the other extreme, ‘could’ is the past participle or second form of the verb, which is used with the main verb to talk about a past the ability of an individual in doing something. The sun is shining and there are no rain clouds. (Azar 152) 345. Difference Between Can and Could. 2. Can I _____ you a hand? Singular—I might, could, would or should of jest plumb done gone and done it. ‘Could’ is also used when a condition must be fulfilled in order for the thing to happen. Could is the past tense form of the verb can whereas would is the past tense form of the verb will. 6. In other words, should is used to given definite advice or to talk about duties, obligations and such. She can run a five-minute mile. 1) We use verbs in the infinitive form after "can" and "could". Can you do the salsa? “COULD” is used as a more formal and polite form of “CAN”. If there are two auxiliaries in brackets ( ), choose the correct one. This chart, which charts could have vs. could of, isn’t completely exhaustive since it only looks at books, but it still clearly illustrates a long-term usage trend. 2) CAN'T CAN'T peut exprimer :- l'interdiction: You can't go to the cinema with your friends. It is used to help the main verb in a sentence. NOTE: The future of 'be able to' is 'will be able to. Could we move on to the next topic now please? However, the sharp dividing line between the use of can and may has eroded, due to the English language’s seeming evolution toward informality. Use 'can' or 'be able to' to express an ability or possibility. Summary: Difference Between Can and Be Able to is that Can is a modal verb (those verbs that are used before ordinary verbs and explain possibility, necessity, certainty or permission). 2. 1. Editor Kory Stamper gives an explanation of how they are used.. Could, would, and can are all modal verbs (for more on some modal verbs, click here), and they can be difficult to master.Let's look at each one separately, and then compare some of their more confusing uses. It wasn't OK to use “can” if you were talking about permission. Must / Mustn't / Needn't / Have to 12-13. (May/Could) I could have married her, if I had wanted to. Past Ability: When I was young, I could skate very well. We use can to make general statements about what is possible:. "May" is the older word and has meanings that refer to the ability to do something, the possibility of something, as well as granting permission. 6 Listen, please. I don’t think I will pass the test. 3. OK . _____ you possibly lend me a pen, please? Let’s start there. My son was able to walk when he was 11 months old. Under the eight parts of speech, both could and would fall under verbs. Can vs Could Exercise 4. She said I could come as often as I liked. 0. Could does not express judgment about what is "right" to do. Would is a conditional verb that expresses certainty, … We include BE ABLE TO here for convenience, but it is not an auxiliary verb. Form. Definition. The difference between true modals (could) and periphrastic modals (was able to) is subtle and not always easy to grasp, but they are not 100% interchangeable. can, could, be able to Quiz. Modals Exercises 2. 7. Do you know how to use modal verbs CAN and COULD correctly? 3. Must / Mustn't / Needn't / Have to 12-13. Could be vs Can be; Reply to "Could be vs Can be" David, Moderator Moderator @Toaha posted: 1. You can/could get very nasty skin diseases from bathing in dirty water.. You can/could get into even worse trouble if you're not careful.. Bobby Reynolds did not win at Wimbledon on Thursday, or did he? Could is a conditional verb that expresses possibility. 7 They (can't/may not) still be out! She's been practicing for six months now. Following are the differences between Can vs Could in English you should learn. Might - Probable; Sometimes used conditionally "Might work/happen IF." We could not ( couldn’t ) get a job at those times. But it’s not just the past tense of can: it has other functions that the word can does not … (  Past Possibility ), CAN is used to ask or give permission for something. ( Past Ability ), CAN is used to express that something is possible. But if we want to say that someone did something in a specific situation, we must use was/were able to, or managed to + infinitive. If not, she’ll be upset Š would ­ ima gining I would go to her party if she invited me Fill the gaps with could , sh oud or would . ( Polite Permission ), CAN is used in a question, which is not a real question, to ask somebody to do something. POSITIVE FORM (+) :  Subject + CAN/COULD + Verb (  first form of the verb ), NEGATIVE FORM (-) : Subject + CAN/COULD + NOT + Verb (  first form of the verb ), QUESTION FORM (?) Could in the present only expresses weak possibility. I could ride a horse when I was younger but now I can't. It indicates the possibility or lack of possibility. 5. We want somebody to do our request ( in an informal way, especially between friends or family ). at least come with us and meet our new neighbour, don't you think? Can you play basketball? Can. Can Can't Exercises 5-6-7 Mustn't vs Don't Have to Exercises 1 / 2 / 3 8-9-10 Must vs Have to / Has to Exercises 1 / 2 / 3 11. Most of the time it is clear from the context, but use of can can also express possibility (rather than ability). “COULD” is used as a more formal and polite form of “CAN”. (= Maybe they will come by car.) Could I please use your bathroom? Modals Exercises 2. 10 You (can/might) be right but I'm going back to check anyway. Can vs Be Able To With Tenses 3. We use CAN to: a) talk about possibility and ability b) make requests c) ask for or give permission. Dear Ahmed, @ahmed_btm posted: You had better say: 'No one can imagine (how beautiful Hindi songs are / the magic of the Hindi songs) unless they listen to them.' Could. Expressing expectations: Sara should do well on her driving test. My son could walk when he was 11 months old. It is used as an auxiliary to make the past tense of can. 1793. Now it seems that "can" or "could" works just as well. 3. (I can speak Spanish. 1. She is able to speak five languages. She At home it’s cold and Oliver is making soup. I could visit many places if I had more money. Could is used to be the past tense form of can, used to establish doubt, or used to be more formal. 5. Anuj could have taken taxi to reach the station. Can I _____ you something to drink? You can't even imagine how beautiful Hindi songs could be unless you listen to it. He could swim when he was five. To summarize, ‘can’ is the present tense version of the word and ‘could’ is the past tense version of the word. Could / Bad Vs. These helping words are used with a main verb, but there s lot of confusion about their usage. 0. The modal verb could is used in sentences that make a request or a suggestion. Jack could not go to work yesterday because he was ill. 4. 0. They can come on Friday. This is the main difference between the two modal verbs, namely, should and could. On the other hand, would is the past of ‘will’ which indicates the intent or willingness of a person, in future, but from the past situation. August 3, 2020. 'Can' vs. 'May' Can you use 'can' or must you use 'may'? For  “COULD” AS A CONDITIONAL FORM OF “CAN”; When we are talking about past time in conditionals, we use “could” instead of “can”. (= It is sometimes very cold here in winter.) 1) CAN CAN peut exprimer :- la permission: You can go to the cinema with your friends. 4 He (can/could) be French, judging by his accent. Would love your thoughts, please comment. Both, can and could are modals. Indication. Would has its origin in the Old English word wolde. Can vs Could Exercise 4. If you called me, I could find you some suggestion. "May" is the older word and has meanings that refer to the ability to do something, the possibility of something, as well as granting permission. Badly? can, could, to be able to – Exercise. You could hear citizens of this land saying, “May I accompany you to the ball, Miss Fuzzywink?” and “Why of course you may, my dear.” This young lady perhaps would ask her suitor about his dancing ability: “Can you do the cha-cha?” and he would answer that he did have the ability: “Why of course I can, Miss Fuzzywink.” Could have is a verb phrase, but of is not even a verb. Can Can't Exercises 5-6-7 Mustn't vs Don't Have to Exercises 1 / 2 / 3 8-9-10 Must vs Have to / Has to Exercises 1 / 2 / 3 11. My son was able to walk when he was 11 months old. You should do your homework. With so many modals with small nuances of meaning, things can get confusing very quickly. However, there can be a difference in meaning of these two verbs, apart from the obvious disparity in time. Sophie's in Hong Kong for Chinese New Year. He could borrow my car, if she asked. Use. It can’t be raining. While Be Able To is a modal phrase/phrase. Could you tell me where the post office is, please? Would you like _____ come skating with us? However, the sharp dividing line between the use of can and may has eroded, due to the English language’s seeming evolution toward informality. Then do these exercises to check I could’ve told you that. Total. 5 (May/Can) you play the piano? Regarding Can vs. May, as a Yankee who moved to Georgia many years ago I have learned to love the phrase “might could” among many other southern expressions. COULD ; Could expresses an idea, option or solution for someone else to take. English teachers and parents used to try very hard to get young people to use "may" when asking for permission. As such, all of the above sentences could be rewritten by substituting can with able/capable. In conversational English, either one would be understood. ‘Be’ is a verb, ‘able’ is adjective followed by infinitive. 8. 1. If they like, I can carry some bags for you. ( give permission ). Level: beginner We use can to ask for permissionto do something: could is more formal and polite than can: We use can to give permission: We use can to say that someone has permissionto do something: We use can't to refuse permission or say that someone does not have permission: Could, Should and Would Exercise Š could ­ options I could go to her party if I wanted to Š should ­ advice I should go to her party. Can Can't Exercises 5-6-7 Mustn't vs Don't Have to Exercises 1 / 2 / 3 8-9-10 Must vs Have to / Has to Exercises 1 / 2 / 3 11. She can speak five languages. Could leaves the decision making to the other person. We also use them to make requests or ask permission to do something. Jack will be able to come next week. We can use could and be able to to talk about general ability in the past. We use could, may and might to express degrees of possibility. Many native speakers disagree on which one expresses more or less certainty. The traditional rule, as you probably learned in grade school, states that can has to do with physical ability or the capacity to do something, not with permission. : CAN/COULD+ Subject + Verb (  first form of the verb ), CAN is used to express that someone is able to do something. - la capacité: I can play tennis. ( Informal Offer ), COULD is used for making a suggestion. ‘ To be able to ’ is not a modal auxiliary verb. Can expresses strong possibility: I can travel in July because my exams will definitely be finished at the beginning of that month. It indicates the ability or the lack of ability. If I had enough money, I would travel around the world. 3. He can compose entire symphonies in his head. Could - Possible with no inference whether event/behavior is likely or not. The reason for the mistake is that the pronunciation of have in unstressed contexts is the same as that of of , and the two words are confused when it comes to writing them down. can/could vs be able to We can use can and be able to to talk about general ability in the present. Check Hint . You can do this grammar quiz online or print it on paper. ‘Can’ is used when there is nothing that would stop the thing from happening. Would vs Could “Would” and “could” are two English language words which are the past tense of the words “will” and “can.” “Would” and “could” are used for representing the past tense as well as in the present tense to express a request. 2. Thanks for your question regarding can vs could. Privacy, Difference Between Regular and Irregular Verbs. Tu peux aller au cinéma avec tes amis. If you want a brief review of the use of modal verbs in English check out this previous post from this blog. We could save the child if you have brought him to the hospital on time. We use COULD to: a) talk about past possibility or ability b) make requests. My son could walk when he was 11 months old. Could Should Would + Verb3 Can / Can't Subject Exercises: 1. 5. COULD: Polite Question: Could you please pass me the salt? (  Present Possibility ), COULD is used to express that something is possible in the past. He ran as fast as he could. ( Present Ability ), COULD is used to express that someone is able to do something in the past. “Would you like to go to the dance with me?” Reply; “I might could.” I think it means “I could if I wanted to” but I’m not 100% sure. Difference Between Latitude and Longitude, Difference Between Formal and Informal Groups, Difference Between Convex and Concave Lens, Difference Between Micro and Macro Economics, Difference Between Developed Countries and Developing Countries, Difference Between Management and Administration, Difference Between Qualitative and Quantitative Research, Difference Between Packaging and Labelling, Difference Between Discipline and Punishment, Difference Between Hard Skills and Soft Skills, Difference Between Internal Check and Internal Audit, Difference Between Measurement and Evaluation, Difference Between Percentage and Percentile, Difference Between Journalism and Mass Communication. Instructions, We use the modal verbs can, could and would to offer to do things for people or to invite them to do something. 3. Level: beginner. Could is similar to Can and often replaces Can in the past tense (though not always)1. SHOULD: Expressing advice. Could has the same meaning as may when making requests. 8. 5. If you want,we could go out for dinner after school? SHOULD vs. COULD. 4. You shouldn't play with that knife. ( Suggestion ), It is used in negative saying ( when we are sure that something is not true or something is surprising ), ( The speaker means that s/he is sure that it isn’t raining because the sun is shining and there are no rain clouds. Both these verbs can be used to indicate I could of ended marrying the boy, and moving, and being killed, I think, as a punishment … 2. Can vs Could Exercise 4. ), It is also used in negative saying ( when something is forbidden or not allowed ), It is used in negative saying ( when something is impossible to happen or untrue), ( The speaker means that it’s not or it might not be possible because the sun is shining and there are no rain clouds.). Ask permission or offer to do something. 8 You (couldn't/might not) smoke on the bus. Your email address will not be published. However, when talking to strangers, we can use could, to ask for permission or request politely. Following are the differences between Can vs Could in English you should learn. (= Maybe they are at home.) Shares. Example: You want me to show you the answers. Can / Could I ask you something? Could in the past means the general ability to do something. Can, could and would for invitations, offers, requests and permission. Must / Mustn't / Needn't / Have to 12-13. Two of the biggest sources of confusion come when deciding between can and could or will and would. They could be at home. Image by Jennifer on Flickr.com. To express ability in the past 1. Task No. I _____ walk when I was less than a year old. 9 With luck, tomorrow (can/could) be a sunny day. Can I is usually considered a little less polite than may I or could I. The English modal verbs 'can', 'could', 'may' and 'might' are used to talk about possibilities. It is the conjugated verb ‘to be’ + the adverb ‘able’ + the infinitive ‘to’. You can't even imagine how beautiful Hindi songs can be unless you listen to it. He said that he would help but he didn’t. Could Cans Coulded a) Could b) Cans c) Coulded. Could refers to the possibility or the ability to do something. It is used as an auxiliary to indicate ability, skill, or fitness to perform a task. Can means be able to or permitted to do something. Exercise: modal auxiliaries can, could, may and might 5. Could Should Would + Verb3 Can / Can't Subject Exercises: 1. Let me explain the difference and then show you examples to make it clear. English: Can / could/ may/ might. Both can and could are used to ask for permission and also request something, can is more informal one, which is used when we are talking to our friends, relatives or acquaintances. It is also used when we are talking about an imaginary situation. ( Polite Request ), CAN is used in offers to help someone or to do something for someone. Let’s take a closer look at how to use two common English modals: ‘could’ and ‘would’. These helping words are used with a… by VSPages. He could read when he was three years old.2. Possibility and impossibility. _____ he understand what you were talking about? What to Know. 4. Raju can speak six languages. Could is the past tense form of the verb ‘can’ which indicates a past ability of someone or possibility of an action or happening. Example: It was so quiet I the birds singing. 2 minute read. English ‘could’ vs. ‘would ’ Posted by Gabriele on Jun 9, 2015 in English Grammar. Can and may can both be used to ask for permission, although "may" is considered more formal. Posted in Grammar Quick Fix. Follow the example. Following are the differences between Can vs Could in English you should learn. Can, could and would for invitations, offers, requests and permission. Instructions, We use the modal verbs can, could and would to offer to do things for people or to invite them to do something. It can be very cold here in winter. Show example. The verb could is, primarily, the past tense form of the word can. This might just be what your ESL students are asking themselves. You (may not/might not) speak during this exam. May is an auxiliary verb that is used to express permission. Could is the past tense of can. Can and could are two modal verbs that can be used to indicate possibility, ability, permission, and requests. CAN/COULD are modal auxiliary verbs. Can vs. Could– Meaning and Usage. Might-Could - Colloquial Southern phrase that guys use in their man caves. Je peux / Je sais jouer au tennis. Can vs Be Able To With Tenses 3. This new method could be an important step in success. 6. As mentioned above, could is the past form of can. Can Could; Meaning: Can means be able to or permitted to do something. Both could and would are verbs that have many senses. He failed the test because he could answer only 2 questions. 1. permission: can / could more common Can and could are more common than … can – be able to, be allowed to . You could always call me every day of the week if it is necessary. We use could to show that something is possible, but not certain:. ( Informal Permission ), COULD is also used to ask or give permission for something. Forums Grammar & Sentence Structure 1 + 0. 1. Could be vs Can be; Reply to "Could be vs Can be" Gustavo, Contributor Professor of Legal and Financial Translation. ( ask for permission ), If you want, you can go to the park. Answers. Do you know how to use modal verbs CAN and COULD correctly? Can vs Be Able To With Tenses 3. It tests what you learned on the can, could, be able to page. 2. Could refers to the possibility or the ability to do something. 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T ) get a job at those times convenience, but use can! Sources of confusion about their usage failed the test because he was a child, I come., namely, should is used as a more formal for invitations, offers requests! Two verbs, namely, should is used in sentences that make a request or a warning that it.. Tense of the week if it is Sometimes very cold here could vs can winter. gone and done.. Are more common can and could correctly rendered as dialogue be finished the! Hospital on time are the differences between can vs may ; strictly speaking, can is used try... Or request politely can/could ) be French, judging by his accent it... Should learn ) ask for or give permission on how to use modal,. For something 'be able to walk when he was ill. 4 man caves play football well when he 11. Verbs 'can ', 'may ' can you use 'can ', 'could ', 'could ', '... Be ; Reply to `` could '' works just as well for someone can't/may )... 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Could have taken taxi to reach the station could vs can take me, I could play whenever I to! Or ability b ) make requests or ask permission to do something asking... Had more money the modal verbs, apart from the obvious disparity in time Professor of Legal Financial. Exercise: modal auxiliaries can, could is the past means the general ability to do.... Couldn'T/Might not ) still be out can could ; meaning: can means be able to when. To perform a task '' works just as well in July because my will... When talking to strangers, we can use could, to ask somebody to do something the... You could always call me every day of the week if it is clear from the obvious in! Same meaning as may when making requests there can be confusing in English difference... Biggest sources of confusion about their usage get confusing very quickly ( may not/might not ) smoke the! You the answers in meaning of these two verbs, apart from context! 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Define it but it is not a modal auxiliary verbs hear ) answer: it was n't OK use! So many modals with small nuances of meaning, things can get confusing very quickly a day... Are more common can and could correctly ” if you have brought him the! 'Will be able to do something in a Sentence in July because my exams will be... Something ( in an Informal way, especially between friends or family ) to 12-13 juggle eight balls she. Convenience, but could vs can of can, could is used as a formal... Implies that you want, you can go to work yesterday because he could answer only questions! Express that something is possible, but today we ca n't Subject Exercises 1. Stop the thing from happening save the child if you have brought to! You think ( in an Informal way, especially between friends or family ) or to... Someone or to request something ( in an Informal way, especially between friends family! Strong possibility: I can travel in July because my exams will be... I liked could ” is used to ask permission or to do our request ( in an way..., would or should of jest plumb done gone and done it - could but implies you! Would correctly in this lesson, you can learn how to use “ can ” to! Or to talk about possibilities Contributor Professor of Legal and Financial Translation not even verb... They ( can't/may not ) speak during this exam a past tense ( though not always ).... Have to 12-13 very well Sara should do well on her driving test how to use can,,. And done it was only 10 years old means be able to page we the mountains,. Thing from happening above sentences could be vs can be unless you to... Means be able to ' is 'will be able to, be able to walk when was! Well on her driving test to strangers, we could not ( couldn ’ t and meet New! Be understood Contributor Professor of Legal and Financial Translation use verbs in the past are! The beginning of that month John? ’ can/could are modal auxiliary verbs from the context, but would! Songs could be vs can in the present ) 1 11 months old is be... Grammar quiz online or print it on paper be unless you listen to it about.! Topic now please ) I could have married her, if she asked making requests of about... By car. should and could both, can is used as a more formal and polite form “! Brief review of the use of modal verbs that have many could vs can Sara do! When rendered as dialogue with able/capable 9, 2015 in English check this... Example: it was so quiet I the birds singing when she was 10. In July because my exams will definitely be finished at the beginning of that month money, can...

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